Guru Arjan Dev, the Fifth Sikh Guru, whom providence had destined to be the first martyr to the Sikh cause and religious toleration, enjoyed the distinction of being the grandson of Guru Amar Das. The child Arjan was equally blessed as the progeny of Bibi Bhani, known for her piety, service and humility and Jetha Ji who was subsequently hailed as Guru Ram Das, the Fourth Guru, in recognition to his devotion and commitment to Sikh religion.

Guru Arjan Dev was born on April 15, 1563 A.D. at Goindwal, a small town on the bank of the river Beas in the district of Amritsar.

Guru Arjan Dev spent 11 years of his early life under the benign grace and tender care of his maternal grandfather at Goindwal. Guru Arjan was married to Ganga, daughter of Krishen Chand, a resident of Meo village near Phillaur in Jalandhar district. The marriage took place in 1589 when he was about 26 years old.